The Methods of Speech Presentation
Speaking from Manuscript - In simple language, speaking from manuscript means reading the speech. This is not the best way to deliver a speech in front of an audience but certainly, there are instances when this mode of delivery is necessary as with statements where no mistakes must be made. One illustrative example would be that of a person in a position of great responsibility such as a head of state delivering a state-of-the-nation address. Another instance would be when strict limits are placed on a speech as for example when delivering on radio or on television..
Speaking from Memory - This means that in preparing a speech, you would write out a manuscript and then practice from it until you know it by heart. This type of speaking has a few of the advantages but carries with it all of the disadvantages of the manuscript mode of delivery. Unless you are an accomplished actor, you will find it difficult to deliver a talk from memory and to maintain a close contact with your audience at the same time. Moreover, if you forget, you are lost. It is said that if you should memorize a speech, it is best you prepare a manuscript and use it instead.
Speaking Impromptu – This type of presentation may be defined as one for which no immediate preparation has been made; a speaking situation where you are called, in most instances, unexpectedly but which requires you to ‘think on your feet’ and come up with a piece that you deliver on the spur of the moment. Such a skill is not impossible to attain even if it may be difficult. If called upon to speak with no preparation, you only have to remember the principles of speech organization which would be: to introduce the idea, develop it, and finish/conclude it. In this way, even the most hastily prepared talk can be given the quality of order.
Speaking Extemporaneously - This type of delivery would be the most ideal. This is delivering a prepared piece without the benefit of the manuscript. The ideas, organization, supporting material of the piece to be delivered are thoroughly prepared well in advance and the delivery is practiced as well. Thus when you finally deliver the speech, you are so thoroughly familiar with what you intend to say that you can ‘ad lib’ the language- you will be able to say the ideas in your own words. This mode of delivery allows you to have direct visual and psychological contact with the audience. It can have all the spontaneity and immediacy of casual conversation, it affords you great flexibility.
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